The National Blood Transfusion Services are considered the safest blood supplier in Egypt because of a number of factors; one of which is donor selection.
The selection of donors is the first step towards safe blood supply. The blood donors are voluntary and unpaid; the donor gives blood because he/she wants to do something good for their community. They do it because they want to help others who are in need of blood.
Before the donor starts the donation process, we need to ensure that the donor is eligible to donate. This is to ensure there is no risk on his health in case he gives blood and at the same time there is no risk from us harming the patient who will receive the blood. There are a number of reasons why a donor may be ‘temporarily deferred’ or ‘permanently deferred’ from giving blood. Of course, these reasons are explained to the donor in case he/she is deferred.
The following are the main criteria that should be fulfilled in any donor before giving blood.
Who Can Donate
- A healthy individual
- Age must be between 18-60 years and up to 65 years (if a regular donor)
- Weight must be more than 50 kgs
- Pulse regular rhythm 60-95 beats/second
- Blood Pressure 90/60 up to 140/90
- Hemoglobin should be 13-18 g/dl for male donors and 12-17 g/dl for female donors.
- Blood donation frequency should be every 90 days for males and every 120 days for females
Why am I not eligible to donate? The most common reasons
- You have had recent dental work within the last 6 months
- You are anemic or have low or high blood pressure
- You have been in contact with an infectious disease or have been given certain immunization in the last 4 weeks
- You are currently taking antibiotics or have had any infection in that last 2 weeks
- You have had Hepatitis or Jaundice in the last 12 months.
- You have had a tattoo, semi-permanent make up or any cosmetic treatments that involves skin piercing in the last 4 months
- You have received blood or may have received blood during the course of any medical treatment or procedure
- For female donors: during pregnancy and up to 6 months after delivery or termination, and during lactation
- If you’ve had a major surgery in the past or are currently on medication, please discuss this with the medical staff. The reason you’re taking medicines may prevent you from donating
- Prospective donors who are febrile with a body temperature >37.60C with associated symptoms should be deferred until two weeks after full recovery
- Prospective donors with a recent history of a common cold or related illness (but without symptoms of influenza) from which the they have recovered and are a febrile, may be accepted
Whole Blood – every 12 to 16 weeks